- How much lithium, cobalt and graphite will be recycled between now and 2025
- How is the end-of-life value chain for lithium-ion batteries structured and how will it evolve?
- Can lithium-ion batteries be efficiently recycled?
- Can lithium-ion batteries be used in other applications after its first use and what are the potential markets?
- Which opportunities and challenges are faced by key players in the market?
- Full report in PDF, 77 pages
- Executive summary in PDF, 25 slides
- 1 hour telephone consultation with the author > Price: £4,000 (excluding VAT)
“Our aim was to provide the first real overview of the global end-of-life market for lithium-ion but also to identify the barriers, drivers and opportunities the different market players are facing. Because we believe it’s only with that perspective it’s meaningful to predict future volumes of raw material from recycled batteries.
“Having worked in the industry myself for many years, I think we created the product I always felt was missing. And by doing so, we also found results I previously never would have expected, which actually have an impact on the entire industry.”What is in the report? Executive summary Sorting out opportunities from challenges The lithium-ion EOL market demystified Understanding lithium-ion Why batteries reach end of life Current end-of-life market Current end-of-life management Structure of the end-of-life market Breakdown of recycling costs Hurdles for efficient recycling Reuse of portable batteries Reuse of electronics Consequences of low volumes Impact of industrial batteries The future of end of life Can lithium-ion batteries really be recycled? Current methods and players Market drivers Recycling of lithium Cathode-to-cathode recycling Alternative technologies Remaining challenges Is there a second life? Why batteries can be used after their first life Why batteries degrade State of health Is there are market? Second life of electric vehicle batteries Distributed energy storage Utility-scale storage EV-charging Market size Hurdles Pack design Diagnostics Liability and intellectual property Market integration Conclusion and forecasts A graphical approach: Charts and figures in the report Lithium-ion batteries placed on the market 1995-2025 Chemistries and applications Lithium-ion cells placed on the market per chemistry 2000-2016 Lithium-ion cells projected to be placed on the market per chemistry 2017-2025 (tonnes) Lithium-ion cells placed on the market 2017 by application Lithium-ion cells end-of-life 2000-2017 by application Recycling structure for portable batteries in EU Recycling structure for industrial batteries in EU Recoverable metals in different lithium-ion chemistries Breakdown of recycling costs Lithium-ion end-of-life vs collected in Europe 2000-2015 Lithium-ion end-of-life vs collected in Europe 2005-2015, cumulative Comparison reuse value laptop batteries Worldwide market for used smartphones Collection rates of lithium-ion batteries in Germany 2011-2016 Lithium-ion projected to reach end-of-life Europe 2016-2025 Lithium-ion projected to be collected in Europe 2016-2025 Lithium-ion projected to be placed on the market in Europe 2016-2025 Lithium-ion projected placed and to be placed on the market per application 2010-2025 Recyclers in Europe Recyclers in North America Recyclers in Asia Material values in different lithium-ion chemistries Profitability recycling facility Approximate value for cathode material vs constituents Average state of health 18650 cells Potential for second life batteries for energy storage in US 2020-2026 Global volume lithium-ion batteries available for recycling per application 2010-2025 Global volume lithium-ion batteries available for recycling per chemistry 2016-2025 Lithium-ion batteries available for recycling per geographical market and chemistry 2025 Materials from recycled batteries in 2025